Authoritarianisms and transition: some theoretical aspects

Antonina Kolodii. Authoritarianisms and transition: some theoretical aspects Word Document.  [2009] (unpublished paper)

This paper is devoted to the early stage of post-communist transformation in Ukraine, when the country tried to make its first steps in democratic transition, but at first should have some authoritarian transitional forms of rule, like restrictions on freedom of speech – so called “socialist pluralism”, quotas for Communists at the first parliamentary alternative elections, inadequate and late legislation on freedom of organization etc. The most part of this way Ukraine went on being a part of the USSR. And there is a problem from what year should one start the exploration of this residual, temporary post-communist authoritarian-ism in the country. I have chosen a compromise point of departure: very rich for political activity1990 year. That year Ukraine still had a status of a union republic but already adop-ted The Declaration of State Sovereignty and held almost democratic election to its legisla-tive body – Verkhovna Rada, which at that time was taking the road of transformation into a parliament of Western type. The end of the period under consideration will be 1994 – the year of the second alternative election to Verkhovna Rada that marked also the beginning of more-or-less serious reforms in economy and intensification of constitution building process.